Gretchen Bakke holds a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in Cultural Anthropology. Her work focuses on the chaos and creativity that emerge during social, cultural, and technological transitions. She is currently a senior researcher at the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies in Potsdam and Research Fellow at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, in Berlin. Bakke is the author of The Grid, a 2016 Bill Gates pick and the 2020 ethnography The Likeness. She is currently conducting research for a cultural history of the end of fossil fuels.